www.gmanetwork.com 2. Jakarta, the capital of the Republic of Indonesia, is the largest metropolitan area in Southeast Asia [1], and as Indonesia’s largest economic center, its population increases from 10 million to 12 million people during working days as people commute into the city proper for work, school, and other activities [2]. The calculation results in this study could be compared with the actual condition of the Jakarta MRT. 72/2009 on traffic and rail, which published its technical implementation of fare determination on Minister of Transportation Regulation No. We are committed to sharing findings related to COVID-19 as quickly as possible. Insurance costs: IDR 1,234,613.2 × 1% = IDR 12,346.132 million/year. Rapid transit or mass rapid transit (MRT), also known as heavy rail, metro, subway, tube, U-Bahn, metropolitana or underground, is a type of high-capacity public transport generally found in urban areas. Office expense cost: IDR 1,000,000 × 204 staff = IDR 204 million/year. Sign up here as a reviewer to help fast-track new submissions. Indirect fixed cost = employment cost + office expense cost + license and certification + passenger service cost. Madison's proposed $160 million Bus Rapid Transit system may run its special buses on dedicated center lanes with boarding stations on medians on some of the city's main thoroughfares. (2)Railway staff costs: the railway staff are those employees directly related to the operation of the MRT; in this case, the machinist and operation control center staff:(3)Infrastructure costs: infrastructure costs which include the cost of track and station facility usage that consist of infrastructure depreciation cost and infrastructure maintenance cost:(4)Insurance costs: insurance costs for railway assets with the following formula:(5)Electricity costs: electrical substation and power flow over the network that serves to transmit electrical power from the source to electric train:(6)Train facilities cleaning cost: the cost of the trains to be cleaned daily:(7)Security costs: the cost of the security in the station and inside the train:(8)Employment cost: office employees salary:(9)Office expenses: depreciation costs of office building, office maintenance, office administrators, the cost of electricity, water, telephone, and so on:(10)Licenses and certificates: the confirmation given by a professional organization to a company that indicates the ability to perform a specific job or task:(11)Passenger services: cost for passenger service at the station:(12)Marketing costs: marketing at stations, such as flyers, brochures, souvenirs, advertising, or promotions:(13)Human resource development costs:(14)Maintenance cost component: the repair and maintenance cost of the assets which are calculated based on total life cycle cost and economic year: For the purposes of the MRT operation and maintenance cost model of this research, we group the fourteen cost components into three groups such as capital cost, operation cost, and maintenance cost as presented in Table 2. The comparison results between Jakarta MRT, Bangkok MRT, and Delhi Metro show that OM cost of Jakarta MRT is higher than that of Bangkok MRT and Delhi Metro. Singapore Mass Rapid Transit (SMRT): superb mass transit system - See 24,037 traveler reviews, 3,663 candid photos, and great deals for Singapore, Singapore, at Tripadvisor. Singapore Mass Rapid Transit (SMRT): AWESOME MASS TRANSIT SYSTEM! The mapping of OM cost for MRT based on previous researches is shown in Table 1. Review articles are excluded from this waiver policy. One strategy used to address such challenges is an MRT network, which carries passengers faster and safer than other rail systems, while simultaneously reducing environmental pollution from road vehicles [3]. The “indirect fixed cost” subcomponent is calculated based on employment cost, office expenses, license and certification costs, and passenger service in the station costs. Answer. The final stage entailed the comparison of the operation and maintenance costs per kilometer per year with various operators. Jump to Latest Follow 18781 - 18800 of 18937 Posts. Operation and maintenance cost per kilometer per year comparison (in USD). The Mass Rapid Transit Corporation (MRT Corp), founded in September 2011, has been appointed by the government as the official and asset owner of the project and the rail lines. Based on the calculation results, Jakarta’s MRT operation and maintenance cost per year is USD 8.44 million per kilometer per year. Similar calculations can be made for other systems; however, MRT operation and maintenance cost components need to be modeled based on regulations and conditions in the respective country and region to obtain valid calculations. The “indirect variable cost” subcomponent is calculated based on marketing and human resource development costs. GK Articles, News, Current Affairs, Trivia Questions and Updates about Chennai Mass Rapid Transit System for students and aspirants of UPSC, Civil services and other competitive examinations. Human development cost: IDR 10,000,000 × 201 staff = IDR 2,010 million/year. The third reason is that the calculation of depreciation of railway assets for Jakarta MRT refers to government regulations in Indonesia for 30 years and might differ in Bangkok and Delhi. Passenger service cost: salary of security + station staff + head of station = (IDR 5,150,000 × 104 staff × 12 month) + (IDR 4,900,000 × 156 staff × 14 month) + (IDR 18,370,000 × 13 staff × 14 month) = IDR 6,429,300,000 + IDR 10,701,900,000 + IDR 3,344,300,000 = IDR 20,475.6 million/year. Copyright © 2020 Rahmat Nurcahyo et al. It was the first such form of transportation in India, opening commercial services in 1984. In this study, we use all the fourteen cost components from previous studies. Jakarta is currently faced with severe transportation problems: road ratios are less than seven percent; there are growing rates of vehicle ownership and poor public transport facilities; and more than 90 percent of available modes of transportation are road based [2]. Operation costs = direct fixed costs + direct variable costs + indirect fixed costs + indirect variable costs. The authors declare that there are no conflicts of interest regarding the publication of this paper. Security cost: IDR 5,151,693 monthly salary × 32 staff × 12 month = IDR 1,978 million/year. Another future research of this study is the ticket prices calculation by considering cost recovery ratio and profit for operators. Mass Rapid Transit Operation and Maintenance Cost Calculation Model, Industrial Engineering Department, Universitas Indonesia, Depok 16424, Indonesia, Depreciation of railway assets: the imposition of charges upon the usage of assets during its economic lifespan [. Based on the MRT operation and maintenance cost model of this research, the calculation for Jakarta MRT case is as follows: Capital cost: depreciation of railway assets = IDR 1,216,093 million. This could be used as a reference in determining fares of MRT. PRT is a type of automated guideway transit (AGT), a class of system which also includes larger vehicles all the way to small subway systems. This research aimed to develop a system for calculating and comparing MRT operation and maintenance costs per kilometer per year. The second stage encompassed the data collection and processing using the predetermined model to obtain the total cost of operation and maintenance per kilometer. Pakistan Mass Transit System. Rapid transit is an important form of mass transit system such as subways and surface light rail systems, designed for commuting inter-city or intra-city. Mass rapid transit (MRT) is an efficient transportation mode that is urgently needed by a growing city such as Jakarta, Indonesia. Most rapid transit trains are electric multiple units.Power is commonly delivered by a third rail, or in systems without much length in tunnel, by overhead wires, for example the Tyne and Wear Metro in North East England. However, limited research has attempted to evaluate the system’s current performance through a comprehensive, unit-based calculation of the costs of MRT operation and maintenance. Singapore Mass Rapid Transit (SMRT): Mass Rapid Transit system - See 24,027 traveler reviews, 3,653 candid photos, and great deals for Singapore, Singapore, at Tripadvisor. The results of the OM Jakarta MRT  calculation compared with two operators in developing countries compared to Indonesia are shown in Table 3. The comparison has several weaknesses, such as the expenditure details provided in the annual report which are different for each MRT operator and different conditions in each city, such as economy and policy. Like other forms of rail transport, fares are charged to passengers of the Jakarta MRT in accordance with Article 146 of Republik Indonesia Regulation No. Mass Rapid Transit Systems. The Shanghai Metro is the largest metro system by route length. Employment cost: salary of director + head of division + head of department + specialist = (IDR 85,753,000,000 monthly salary × 3 staff × 14 month) + (IDR 42,876,000,000 monthly salary × 10 staff × 14 month) + (IDR 30,626,000,000 monthly salary × 16 staff × 14 month) + (IDR 11,025,000,000 monthly salary × 175 staff × 14 month) = IDR 3,601,600,000 + IDR 6,002,700,000 + IDR 6,860,200,000 + IDR 27,012,100,000 = IDR 43,476.7 million/year. Prior to the founding of the corporation, the project was managed by Prasarana Malaysia Berhad. The network consists of one operational line (Line 1). Operation costs = direct fixed costs + direct variable costs + indirect fixed costs + indirect variable costs. Easy access from the airport, clean, efficient, safe, cheap. Singapore Mass Rapid Transit (SMRT): One of the best transit systems in the world - See 24,036 traveler reviews, 3,663 candid photos, and great deals for Singapore, Singapore, at Tripadvisor. Direct fixed cost = railway staff cost + infrastructure cost + insurance costs. At the time of independence, the population of Delhi was a mere 0.6 million. Therefore, it is essential for the efficient functioning and quality of life in big cities [8]. Infrastructure cost: infrastructure maintenance cost + infrastructure depreciation cost = (cost of signaling system + telecommunication system + SCADA facilities + automatic fare collection + platform screen door + substation and power distribution system + electricity + railroad + escalator and elevator) + (infrastructure depreciation cost) = (IDR 5,722,000,000 + IDR 2,462,000,000 + IDR 458,000,000 + IDR 3,655,000,000 + IDR 4,772,000,000 + IDR 3,819,000,000 + IDR 4,507,000,000 + IDR 17,105,000,000 + IDR 981,000,000) + (IDR 133,993,000,000) = IDR 177,479 million/year. Infrastructure cost: infrastructure maintenance cost + infrastructure depreciation cost = (cost of signaling system + telecommunication system + SCADA facilities + automatic fare collection + platform screen door + substation and power distribution system + electricity + railroad + escalator and elevator) + (infrastructure depreciation cost) = (IDR 5,722,000,000 + IDR 2,462,000,000 + IDR 458,000,000 + IDR 3,655,000,000 + IDR 4,772,000,000 + IDR 3,819,000,000 + IDR 4,507,000,000 + IDR 17,105,000,000 + IDR 981,000,000) + (IDR 133,993,000,000) = IDR 177,479 million/year. 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